Yurt Village Holiday
Herston Camp Site, Washpond Lane, Swanage, Dorset, UK BH19 3DJ
Main Page            Pictures         Eco Friendly           Yurt Construction             History of the Mongol Horde           Tannu Tuva                Yurt Sales                Links





This is a page which Yahoo has ranked quite high for some bizarre reason
Well at least you found us
Below is some yurt info
The main site page can be found above  or below   or sideways




                                                                                                                    yurt village

yurt village

In the meantime you can enjoy watching a video of myself and my Czech and Sloak friends trying to put up yurt


yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

yurt village

Yurt FAQs

Most questions about yurts have to do with the practical aspects of setting up a fabric yurt and designing systems for heat, wastewater, etc. The wooden yurt dweller may have questions about space, privacy and interior design in a circular shelter, but otherwise wooden yurts are enough like conventional housing that fabric yurt questions don't apply.

Where did the name "yurt" come from?
Yurt is a Turkish word meaning tent-site or camping space. The Central Asian nomads do not use this term but rather refer to their dwellings as "home". The Mongolian word for home is ger (rhymes with air); in Turkic languages it is some version of oy. Yurt was a term adopted by the Russians, and therefore is not appreciated by the Central Asian nomads who live in them.

The term yurt has, however, come into common usage in the Western world. It has become the norm to refer to the traditional structures as gers and call the modern versions yurts, which is one way of resolving the terminology issue. Scholar Peter Alford Andrews uses the descriptive term "trellis-walled tent", which is a lovely description of the fabric ger/yurt but does not apply to the hard-shelled (e.g. wooden) versions.

The solution of using ger to refer to the traditional shelter and yurt for modern versions is less than perfect (the Turkic term oy is left out altogether), but it seems the best alternative at this time.

What's so special about yurts?
Yurts are special because they are round and therefore make better use of space, are more efficient to heat, and provide less wind resistance. The roof structure, with its compression ring and tension band, is an amazing architectural design requiring no internal support system, thereby leaving the yurt open and spacious inside.

Yurts are special because they are portable. Central Asian nomads put their gers up in an hour or less. Modern canvas yurts can be set up in a day. To have a shelter that can be put up quickly and then taken down and moved as one's situation changes is a distinct advantage in our transient culture.

There is a specialness to yurts that is intangible and experiential, like the feeling that happens when stepping inside a yurt for the first time, or the magical moment in yurt building when the roof ring is set and the building shudders into place. There are probably reasons for this "magic" of yurts in the very physics of the shapes (of circle and triangle, cylinder and cone), but this remains to be explored.

Finally, yurts seem especially suited to certain pursuits. Yurts are often used in retreat centers and for the healing arts, meditation, spiritual practices, dancing and community gatherings. People say they sleep better in yurts, and often dream more. The healing, creative, communal and spiritual nature of yurts is broadly recognized but, again, the reason for it ultimately remains a mystery.

What are yurts used for?
Yurts have many applications, including State Park camping, back-country skiing, schools, offices, shops, studios of all kinds, bed-and-breakfasts, a camp kitchen, a women's moon-lodge, and resort accommodations to name just a few! Here are some more answers from the companies:

What kind of foundation does a yurt require?
In Central Asia gers are set up on the grassy plains, and rugs and felted mats are placed on top of the grass. In the winter pallets or shallow wood decking may be used to create a floor, and felted mats or rugs are layered on the flooring for insulation and warmth. Central Asia is very dry, and what little precipitation does occur is usually in the form of snow so there is little danger of water leaking or flooding inside the ger.

In North America and Europe, which have areas of high precipitation, yurts are typically erected on some form of deck. The deck is built in a circle the same diameter as the yurt, so that the yurt's outer covering can be attached to the deck itself. Most yurt companies include designs for a deck in their set-up instructions. Pacific Yurts Co. also includes a design for a moveable deck. (It's very important, by the way, to build the deck to the exact specifications given by your yurt company. Otherwise the yurt won't come together and be as tight and weatherproof as it is designed to be.)

It is possible in a dry climate to set up a yurt on the ground. It helps to have a rock-filled trench around the perimeter of the yurt for drainage. For extra insulation you can dig the circle down six inches, lay in plastic sheeting, fill it in with sawdust, and place your floor coverings and rugs over the soft sawdust floor. A yurt community in Kelley, Wyoming (near Jackson Hole) has lived this way successfully for many years. (For further information see "Yurts in Cold Climates" in The Last Straw Journal, Issue 32, Winter 2000.)

My favorite yurt of all time had a cob floor with hot springs water piped through it. (Cob is an adobe-like mud mixture made from clay, sand and straw.) The floor had a natural, earthy feel and the radiant heat kept the yurt warm and cozy on the coldest of days.

For more information on decking, go to Nesting Bird's FAQ's and click on "PLATFORMS".

Do yurts work in cold climates?
Short answer: Yes.

Long answer: The felted covering of Central Asian gers makes them perfectly suited for the extremely cold, but dry, conditions of the high Asian steppes. Felt doesn't work well in the damper climates of the UK and much of North America, where some form of canvas or architectural fabric is used as a covering instead. The problem with canvas and most architectural fabrics is that they don't do much for keeping out the cold (i.e., they don't have the natural insulative qualities of felted wool). So some type of insulation must be added.

A number of options are available, including the fiber-fill used for quilting, synthetic felt (placed inside the canvas layer with a vapor barrier between), and a couple of insulation types developed by NASA. The most commonly used by yurt companies (known by the brand name Reflectix) is a type of bubble-wrap sandwiched inside reflective foil. The foil works by reflecting radiant heat (97%) in both directions, making this a lightweight but highly effective form of insulation. (Adding multiple layers of reflective insulation is not recommended, though, because the added benefit is minimal relative to the additional cost.)

Insulating the floor is also important. One can place standard types of insulation under the floor (as in a traditional house) or use stress-skin panels (with built-in insulation) to build the deck itself.

How do you heat a yurt?
There are a number of heating options available

For more helpful information on heating go to the Nesting Bird Yurts FAQ's Page and click on "GENERAL QUESTIONS".

What about yurts in tropical climates?
Yurts are ideal in tropical climates where heating needs are minimal and cooling needs can be met with proper siting and adequate ventilation. The sides on a yurt can be rolled up and mosquito netting hung across the lattice wall.

Pacific Yurts has this to say about tropical applications:

For tropical use add top cover insulation, tinted dome skylight with opener for ventilation, extra screened windows, porch and window awnings and ceiling fan support. A water catchment option is also available. Water catchment is a primary source of water supply in many tropical countries. Pacific Yurts also has a tropical cupola, a center ring insert and screen doors available for tropical applications.

Are yurts bear proof?
Yes and no. I've heard stories about bears in Alaska trying to break into yurts without success. But there's a bear in central Idaho that managed to break into a back country (unoccupied) yurt; in fact this bear comes through at the same time every Spring and the owner leaves the door open and cleans up after the bear, rather than risk more damage to the yurt.

If you live in bear country it's a good idea to build your deck up high (preferably high enough to put a full story underneath for storage, and close it in with walls or skirting for warmth). A north Idaho couple used this tactic and feel it helped avoid problems with the numerous bears on their property.

What about permitting?
Good question. This is a complex issue that varies with location. It will be covered in greater depth in YURT: Living in the Round, but for now, you'll find a good answer at the Nesting Bird Yurts website. The yurt companies know more than just about anyone about this topic. Ask them for advice, and check out your local code situation before you buy your yurt.

Should I build or buy?
If you have skills in carpentry and sewing and want the experience of building your own shelter, then by all means order a set of plans (see Building a Yurt), or combine some plans off the internet, and go for it. For this project you'll need a commercial sewing machine (which can be rented), woodworking tools and a workshop space. Keep in mind that some of the plans available are for camping yurts and others are more suited to year-round living.

A friend who has made three yurts claims it can be a stressful process. If crafting is not your forte, you might prefer to purchase a yurt from one of the companies listed on this site. Keep in mind that the markup with most fabric yurt companies isn't all that high. In most cases you're probably getting a pretty good deal.

If wood is plentiful where you live and you'd like something more permanent, take a look at Bill Coperthwaite's plans for his tapered-wall wooden yurts. One has to think about walls a little differently when they're slanted outward, but the spaces themselves are wonderful. A yurt workshop with Bill is both educational and a community building exercise.

If you like the idea of living in the round but don't want to be "roughing it", contact one of the frame-panel companies for a wooden yurt, complete with the level of amenities you choose.

Which companies?
It is important for the future of yurts that people receive good customer support from yurt companies, that yurts are honestly represented and that companies meet their obligations with integrity. All of the companies listed on this site, as far as we know, have good customer relations and can be trusted to deliver what they promise.

Please do be aware, when comparing yurt manufacturers and prices, that there are vast differences between the types of yurts listed here. Some, for example, are designated for camping use only and others are designed for year-round use.

Nesting Bird Yurts recently changed hands (in February '02). The new owners have affirmed their intention of maintaining the quality of materials, workmanship and customer support the company is known for.

If you would like to read about people's experiences with different companies, or share your own experience, please visit the Forum on this site.

Systems questions (wiring, plumbing, heating, cooling, etc.)
Nesting Bird Yurts does a good job with these questions on their FAQ page. For specific questions, try the Nesting Birds Message Board or the Forum on this site.

How long does it take to put up a yurt?
Count on three days to a week for the deck, depending on site and weather conditions, the size of the yurt, and the experience level of the builder(s). We recommend working with a professional carpenter for the deck. See Lars' Yurt Page for photos of a deck being built.

The yurt itself takes under a day to put up, preferably with three or more people. A thirty footer may take two days to setup. See the Nesting Bird yurt-raising for a nice set-up sequence.

How long should a yurt last? What kind of maintenance is required?
The wooden framework of a yurt is built to last indefinitely. The canvas or material covering is built to last ten to fifteen years, after which time it may be replaced. Often these coverings last much longer, though this is largely dependent on weather conditions and the siting. Lots of sun exposure will break down the material more quickly, and too much rain without sun (e.g. in a forest site) will lead to mold problems and, again, disintegration.

If you're in a wet cold climate it's good to scrub the walls down every six months with a fungicide. (Shaklee's biodegradable product Basic G seems to work well). In a climate with a lot of sun exposure, some yurt owners have painted the outside of their fabric walls to make it last longer (which may, however, affect the breatheability of the fabric).

What about storage, privacy, and interior design options?
This will be covered in greater detail in YURT: Living in the Round. For now, here are some ideas:

More answers to general questions can be found at:



Yurtinfo

General Yurt Books
Circle Houses: Yurts, Tipis and Benders by David Pearson, 2001 (UK title: Yurts, Tipis and Benders, Gaia Press)
     Lots of yurt stories, and nice photos with each story. Also has instructions for building a Mongolian-style ger. Most of the stories are from the UK, where traditional yurts are prominent, so there isn't much about modern canvas yurts.

The Complete Yurt Handbook by Paul King, 2001
     Part One deals with the history of the yurt, construction principles and "the etiquette of ger living" in Mongolia. Part Two gives instructions on how to make both Mongolian and Turkic ("bender-style") gers. The emphasis is on the traditional ger.

Building Tipis and Yurts: authentic designs for circular structures by Blue Evening Star, 1995.
     Through her book and yurt-building workshops, Blue Evening Star has helped spread the word about yurts. Contains a nice introduction to the Mongolian ger, beautiful shots of her yurt against the red rocks of Sedona and detailed descriptions of her unique design (best suited for desert climates).

YURT: Living in the Round by becky kemery. Spring of 2003
     Intended as the first comprehensive volume on modern yurts, YURT documents the movement from ancient East to modern West, examines contemporary design variations, and answers Frequently Asked Questions from codes and cold climates to composting toilets. All four types of yurts are covered, though the focus is on the modern canvas yurt. Lots of photographs and stories and a substantial resources section are included. (If you like this website, you'll love the book!)

To Yurt by David Raitt with Rob Goodfellow. 2003
     "In visual and story form, To Yurt will address the modern yurt permanent-dwelling lifestyle and describe the shift from the conventional wisdom of life in a rectangle to a new permanent affordable Yurt experience."

Tents : Architecture of the Nomads by Torvald Faegre, 1979, out of print.
     Worth reading if you can find it at a library or through Inter-Library Loan. Well researched and beautifully written, often profound, with nice illustrations by Faegre throughout.

Build a yurt by Len Charney, 1974, out of print.
     An early version of Bill Coperthwaite's designs. The same information, and more, is available in Bill's articles in Mother Earth News (below) and in his yurt plans.

Education and Research
The Yurt: Education Pack
     Activities and discussion topics for 5-13 year olds, with a full set of teacher's notes. Order from: FCFCG/ The GreenHouse / Hereford Street/ Bedminster UK BS3 4NA (Tel: 0117 923 1800, Email: admin@farmgarden.org.uk).

Nomad Tent Types of the Middle East: Part 1, Framed Tents (3 vols.) by Peter Alford Andrews.
     British scholar Peter Alford Andrews is the world's leading authority on the various types of "trellis walled tents" (as he calls traditional yurts). This exhaustive 3 volume survey covers the Central Asian Turkic versions. Vol. 1 is written material, Vol. 2 the accompanying photographs and diagrams and Vol. 3 consists of maps, all for a mere $175 US.
To Purchase: The Rug Book Shop

Felt Tents and Pavillions: The Nomadic Tradition and its Interaction with Princely Tentage (2 vols, 1472 pages total) by Peter Alford Andrews. London:Melisende, 1999.
     Vol. I covers the nomadic Mongolian tradition and Vol. II, "princely tentage" on the Indian subcontinent in the Medieval period (here's one for SCA enthusiasts!). Included are over 275 photos, illustrations and color plates of paintings. Perhaps the only copy in the US is at the Library of Congress.

Shelter I & Shelter II, ed. by Lloyd Kahn, 1973 & '78.
     Two classic works on shelter worldwide. Chapters on yurts in each.

Retreats: Handmade Hideaways to Refresh the Spirit by G. Lawson Drinkard III, 1997.
     Lovely and inspiring book with some nice bits on yurts.

Mongolia Book List
     annotated list maintained by the University of Akron

The Changing World of Mongolia's Nomads by Melvyn Goldstein and Cynthia Beall, Odyssey Press, 1994.
     Anthropologists document a herding cooperative in its transition after the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's. Beautiful photographs.

Lost Country : Mongolia Revealed by Jasper Becker. Sceptre, 1993.
     A British journalist travels Mongolia and surrounding areas and tells the often tragic tales of people recovering their culture after decades of Soviet domination. Well written, poignant and informative.

Felt : New Directions for an Ancient Craft by Gunilla Paetan Sjoberg, trans. Patricia Spark, 1996.
     A great introduction to felt with background and historical information, craft ideas, and clear how-to instructions. A world-wide perspective.

The Art of the Feltmaker by M.E. Burkett, 1979.
     A classic work. Photographs of feltmaking in the Middle East.

Sustainable Living Resources
The Good Life by Helen and Scott Nearing, 1989.
     Classic work on homesteading by the pioneers of the back-to-the-land movement.
www.cheleseagreen.com

The Composting Toilet System Book by David Del Porto and Carol Steinfeld (2000)
     "A practical guide to choosing, planning and maintaining composting toilet systems, a water-saving, pollution-preventing alternative."

The Humanure Handbook by Joe Jenkins
     "Practical solutions to waste management, mouldering toilets and more."

Chelsea Green Publishing
      Books on sustainable living.

Home Power Magazine
     "The hands-on journal of home-made power", by people who are really doing it.

Center for Alternative Technology in Wales
     Books and pamphlets on every aspect of sustainable living.

Articles
The Freedom of a Yurt
     A beautifully written, well researched article by Claire Wolfe covers the basic considerations of purchasing and setting up a modern canvas yurt home; includes information on companies and comparative pricing.

Living in the Round
     An emphasis on the idea of living in the round and the advantages of yurts, including for the chemically sensitive. Some interesting suggestions.

Yurts: Round and Unbounded
     Article by becky kemery in an Oregon magazine traces the story of the modern yurt and addresses issues of modern nomadism.

National Geographic "The Plowboy Interview: Bill Coperthwaite" Mother Earth News #19, January 1973, p.6.

"Nature's Education" Fabric Architecture. May-June 2000, p. 56.
      An unusual design in Japan.